Stoke Bishop Dental Centre have provided a short history of the dental implant. For more information on their implant service you can visit them in Bristol. Also , thanks go out to the staff of davidcashel.com as well for their input.
Usually made of titanium, a dental implant is an artificial root that is placed into the jawbone to securely hold dental prostheses such as crowns, dentures or bridges. Dentists regard Osseointegration as the process where the material used as a dental implant fuses with the jawbone to form an intimate bond.
If you have lost one or more of your teeth due to a periodontal disease, an injury or because of any other reason, a dental implant is a procedure you may want to consider having.
Archaeologists have discovered human skulls belonging to the Mayan civilization dating as far back as 600 A.D. having materials such as carved shells, stones or jade implanted into their anterior mandible. And, regardless of the method used being unsophisticated, evidence show that some of these early implants actually melded with the jawbone.The first ever recognized dental implant is said to be in the year 1809, unfortunately with very poor success rate.
The discovery of what makes the modern dental implants successful was actually unexpected. In the year 1952, a renowned orthopaedic doctor who studied how bones heal reported that for some reason, he cannot take out the small titanium cylinder he placed in a bone after it has healed. Titanium’s amazing property of melding to the human bone pushed the field of dentistry past removable prostheses.
Dental implants were then introduced to people who have a difficulty of keeping their dentures inside their mouths, primarily because the jawbone had been damaged making it difficult for dentures to stay put. Unlike implants that were first used in the revolutionary system, modern day implants are now used to replace one or more missing teeth coming in various forms and sizes to suit the teeth they replace.
Their surfaces have been developed to heighten the progress of osseointegration. They are usually roughened by sandblasting and acid etching, to increase the surface area to which bone can adhere.